NAMA state of play
NAMA development has increased significantly in the past years and has remained rather constant. As of 2011, when the data was first collected by the NAMA Database, up to August 2015, 158 NAMAs have been documented in detail by Ecofys at different stages of development. Only 13 of these are in the implementation stage: 6 in Latin America, 6 in Asia, and 1 in Africa. The remaining 145 NAMAs are still in a development stage. This is largely due to scarce resources, capacity and technology available to shift from the development to the implementation phase.
The NAMA Database also recorded 29 feasibility studies, which provide information on potential NAMAs and explore the potential of policies, projects and programmes that could be implemented under the framework, but do not yet hold official government support.
According to the NAMA Database, over one third of NAMAs are being developed in Latin America, with Mexico accounting for the largest share in the region. This is followed by Africa and Asia. Less than one tenth of NAMAs are located in Europe.
Overview of prevailing sectors
The dominant sector in NAMA development is energy supply, which accounts for close to half of all NAMA development. This includes a range of policies and projects largely supporting renewable energy technology (e.g. wind, solar, thermal power, geothermal power, hydro, biomass, natural gas, etc.) through portfolio standards or feed-in tariffs, and energy efficiency (e.g. improving cooking stoves in Gambia). 2 NAMAs are being implemented in this sector: one as a renewables initiative in South Africa, and one on expanding self-supply renewable energy systems in Chile.
A number of NAMAs are also being developed in the transport sector. These include: fuel efficiency standards; improvement of public transport; enhancement of non-motorised transport; and parking management. They are mostly found in Latin America included within national policies and strategies. 3 are currently in implementation stage in Colombia, Peru and Indonesia.
Waste is another sector that represents a great opportunity for the development of national mitigation actions. It accounts for 11% of all NAMAs. Waste NAMAs are utilized in all regions and aim at improving recycling rates, enhancing composting programs, and deploying waste management systems for energy generation. All of these are currently in implementation stage.
Given the substantial mitigation potential of the building sector, many NAMAs focus on energy savings and mitigating GHG emissions in buildings. Mitigation actions can include installing renewable technologies, adequate metering systems, adoption of building standards and codes, certification systems, labelling programs, and market incentives. Only one NAMA is currently at implementation stage in the building sector and this is a Mexico NAMA for energy-efficient housing.
In addition to listed sectors, NAMAs are also being developed in industry, agriculture and forestry. A number of NAMAs cover more than just one sector and at the same time address for example mitigation in buildings and energy supply or agriculture and waste. Forestry and agriculture account for the lowest share of all NAMAs currently in the pipeline.
For more information read our Beginner’s Guide to NAMAs
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